The city of Porto Alegre is located at the northern end of the large coastal lagoon, Lagoa dos Patos in southeastern Brazil. Data from a selected pediatric population submitted to cardiac surgeries for congenital heart disease revealed that in the preoperative period almost 20% of the PLSVC diagnosis could be missed by echocardiography-only investigation 5, which is the first-line imaging tool for PLSVC diagnosis 8. Lu S. et al. comment, for example, a case of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection misdiagnosed as primary pulmonary arterial hypertension because the two high right superior pulmonary veins drained into the superior vena cava and limited the shunt of patent foramen ovale 9.
The Secretariat for Public Security (Secretaria de Segurança Pública) invested resources to combat high crime rates in Rio Grande do Sul and, according to recent statistics, it has succeeded in decreasing some key rates in the past year: Homicide has decreased 21.8%, theft by 9%, and carjacking by 14.9%. Despite these successes, the crime rates overall for Rio Grande do Sul are still disproportionately high.
The center-right Brazilian Social Democracy Party ( PSDB – Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira took over in 2016 and, in 2017, suspended participatory budgeting for two years, citing a lack of resources and the need for reforms While the official promise is that participatory budgeting will continue, the fear is that this is a significant setback to the open governance process that will dismantle the system all together.
Nonetheless, except for a few prisons such as the Charqueadas High Security Prison in Rio Grande do Sul and the Nelson Hungria Penitentiary in Minas Gerais, desentupidora de pias overcrowding has overruled the designers’ plans: rather than holding a single prisoner, the individual cells are used communally, by two or more inmates.
In scenario 1 the pre-development condition was simulated, where it was adopted that 100% of this one had native vegetation, which resulted in a C of 0.3; In scenario 2, the current land use and occupation situation of the Jacarezinho watershed (Table 2) was considered, resulting in a C of 0.86; In scenario 3, it was considered the critical scenario with the loss of the existing green areas, which resulted in a C of 0.95; Finally, scenario 4 considered the propositional scenario, based on the adoption of several Green and Blue Infrastructure techniques.
Factors inhibiting the adoption of modern solutions include: (1) in matters of urban drainage, 19th-century sanitary philosophy still dominates; (2) both legal and clandestine land settlement limits the space that modern solutions require; (3) contamination of storm runoff by foul sewage, sediment and garbage prevents adoption of developed-country practices; (4) climatic and socio-economic factors favour the growth of epidemics where runoff is retained for flood-avoidance and to increase infiltration; (5) lack of a technological basis for adequate drainage management and design; (6) lack of the interaction between community and city administration that is needed to obtain modern solutions to urban drainage problems.
In 1930, State President Getúlio Vargas , after unsuccessfully running in the presidential elections against the candidate of São Paulo, Júlio Prestes, led a revolt against the Federal government, and succeeded in overthrowing it. This eventually led to the Vargas dictatorship in 1937 and the period known as the Estado Novo What is now the Rio Grande do Sul Military Brigade fought on the side of the state leadership and, as a result, was never reformed.
Durability of Plain Galvanized Steel Drainage Pipe in South America: Criteria for Selection LAWRENCE BEDNAR Durability of plain galvanized steel drainage pipe is associated with Problems first appeared in Brazil in and near the Amazon Basin of northern Brazil (J).